Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Africa is the continent that will see the largest increase in electronic payments between now and 2016 – Visa

During the recent Prepaid Summit Middle East, Speaking on the presentation of the "Prepaid Innovative Product of the Year" award to UBA Cameroon, Mohamed Touhami El Ouazzani, General Manager of Visa for Morocco and Francophone Africa, stated: "I am very happy that UBA Cameroon has been recognised for its efforts in support of the development of electronic payments. Africa is the continent that will see the largest increase in electronic payments between now and 2016. In this area, Visa offers numerous innovation-based mobile banking services and solutions through its partnerships with financial institutions and international mobile phone businesses, notably via Samsung Pay and Apple Pay. Thanks to Visa Token Service technology, these two new services will facilitate secure payments with a broad range of connected devices. They will replace the sensitive payment account information contained on plastic cards with a digital account number that can be stored in complete safety on mobile devices and used to pay for purchases in stores or through apps."

Tuesday, March 31, 2015

China, Africa Explore Opportunities for Collaboration on Health Care for All

BEIJING, China, March 27, 2015

More than 350 health leaders from China and Africa — including government officials, academics, and representatives from the private sector and international organizations — convened in Beijing this week at the 5th International Roundtable on China-Africa Health Collaboration. The meeting explored how Chinese and African resources and experiences can be leveraged to mutually support greater health development.

Meeting participants officially published the Beijing Policy Recommendations, a document outlining how intercontinental cooperation can be strengthened to drive sustainable impact, with a focus on the theme, “Contributing to Universal Health Coverage, Expanding Access to Essential Medicines.”

Drawing on decades of joint health efforts, the Policy Recommendations called for deepened dialogue between Chinese, African and international stakeholders, increased investments in health, and alignment with African regional and national strategies. The Recommendations emphasized commitments to a variety of issues including universal health coverage (UHC) and access to safe, high-quality drugs and vaccines, as well as the need for improved government accountability through better monitoring and evaluation.

“China and Africa have a long history of health cooperation going back more than 50 years. Our partnership with Africa is focused on mutually beneficial collaboration that meets the needs of African countries while also contributing to China’s health and development,” said Dr. Ren Minghui, Director General of the Department of International Cooperation at China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC). “China has a unique role to play in supporting Africa’s health progress, thanks to our advances in R&D and production of high-quality, low-cost medicines and vaccines. These lifesaving innovations have tremendous opportunity to make a positive impact in the developing world.”

The Roundtable comes at a crucial time, as China develops its integrated strategy toward other developing countries for the next 5-10 years. The meeting provides a platform for high-level consultation between China and Africa on specific health priorities of mutual interest. China-Africa collaboration on health is an important complement to investments made by African governments and aid from traditional donors, and reflects growing South-South cooperation in a number of sectors.

“More than ever before, African countries and China have the opportunity to work together on issues ranging from infectious disease control to strong, sustainable health systems,” said H.E. Dr. Mustapha Sidiki Kaloko, Commissioner of Social Affairs of the African Union. “As we build on progress made across the continent and work to achieve our post-2015 health goals, international cooperation with countries like China can amplify investments being made by African countries for greater impact.”

Building on commitments made by China and African governments in the 2013 Beijing Declaration, the Roundtable focused new attention on exploring effective tactics to achieve universal health coverage, and ensuring that all people are able to obtain the health services they need without falling into poverty. Participants reflected on innovative policies for UHC in several African countries, as well as China’s domestic health reform, and explored new paths for making universal coverage a reality.
Meeting participants also discussed a cross-section of other issues in which China and African cooperation have unique potential to make an impact. For example, presentations focused on increasing access to health commodities, including through public-private joint ventures and technology transfer agreements. A special session was also held on immunization, recognizing China’s growing role as a worldwide supplier of vaccines and its recent $5 million USD commitment to Gavi, the vaccine alliance. The Ebola outbreak provided context for conversations on health systems and building African health capacity. China provided $120 million USD in Ebola aid and deployed nearly 1,000 medical workers to affected areas.

“China has the experience and capacity to be a key partner in African efforts to expand health access and provide life-saving medicines and vaccines to those in need,” said Mark Suzman, President of Global Policy, Advocacy, and Country Programs for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. “We’re excited to be working closely with China and African countries to identify and invest in health and development solutions that have the potential to improve the lives of millions of people. The Roundtable is an important part of our ongoing efforts to identify shared priorities for collaboration, ensuring that all partners’ needs and capacities are reflected in future policies.”

The Roundtable and the Policy Recommendations will lay the groundwork for the Ministerial Forum of China-Africa Health Development, part of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), to be held later this year.

“This meeting is an opportunity for us to share expertise, discuss new forms of cooperation and chart a common course forward. The policy recommendations released today will inform upcoming conversations between health ministers and will help shape the future of China and African countries’ bilateral engagement on health,” said Professor Cheng Feng from the Tsinghua University Research Center for Public Health, who is the co-chair of the Roundtable.

The Roundtable is co-hosted by the Tsinghua University Research Center for Public Health and the China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Medicines and Health Products (CCCMHPIE) under the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM).

Planning of the meeting was run by a Task Force that included representation from NHFPC, MOFCOM, the China Alliance for South-South Health Cooperation Research, the Ethiopian and South African Embassies in Beijing, the World Health Organization (WHO), U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Joint U.N. Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), U.N. Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), U.K. Department for International Development (DFID), U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of Global Health Strategies (GHS).

Force militaire panarabe : un simple mirage ?

Jusqu'ici, elle pâtissait d'une image peu flatteuse, celle d'une organisation minée de l'intérieur par de sourdes querelles picrocholines. Aujourd'hui, alors que l'engagement américain au Moyen-Orient tend à s'amollir, la Ligue arabe, née en mars 1945, semble connaître une "renaissance", constatent les chercheurs David Schenker et Gilad Wenig dans une tribune commune au Wall Street Journal. De fait, ses Etats membres (à l'exception de la Syrie, suspendue), réunis dimanche en sommet à Charm el-Cheikh (Egypte), se sont entendus sur le principe d'une force militaire conjointe. Celle-ci serait composée de quelque 40 000 soldats d'élite, appuyés par des avions de chasse et des navires de guerre, selon des responsables égyptiens. Comme l'explique le Washington Times, la création de cette avant-garde militaire est avant tout motivée par le désir de l'Arabie saoudite (sunnite) de contenir l'influence de l'Iran chiite et de ses affidés – comme au Yémen, devenu terre d'affrontement par procuration entre les deux puissances régionales. Mais pas seulement. Il s'agit aussi de faire pièce aux "groupes terroristes", à commencer par les suppôts de l'autoproclamé Etat islamique, qui, après la Syrie et l'Irak, étendent leur emprise en Libye. Reste que les analystes nourrissent de sérieux doutes sur la capacité d'une telle alliance à fonctionner. Quel niveau de coordination réel est-il en effet possible d'atteindre dans un monde arabe constamment divisé ?, s'interroge la BBC. Pour USA Today et le Washington Post, cela ne peut qu'attiser dangereusement les tensions. Middle East Online en veut pour preuve qu'au Yémen le dialogue apparaît comme une perspective de plus en plus chimérique. Irfan Husain, de Dawn, le regrette, déplorant le fait que Riyad et ses partenaires du Golfe préfèrent "verser de l'essence sur l'incendie" plutôt que de chercher un règlement négocié. 

Monday, March 30, 2015

Arab League Members Approve Joint Military Force

The heads of the Arab League agreed (Al Jazeera) to create a regional military force at a summit over the weekend that was overshadowed by escalating conflict in Yemen. Separately, dozens are dead amid fresh clashes (Middle East Eye) between Shia Houthis and tribal fighters in the southern region of Yemen, as the Saudi-led coalition continues to conduct air strikes (Al Arabiya) on military bases and arms depots in Sana'a and Saada.
Yemen has become the latest locus of Iran-Saudi, Shia-Sunni conflict, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass in this Op-Ed.