Sunday, October 18, 2009

International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies (IFRC): Djibouti and Eritrea: Plan 2010-2011

Executive Summary

Djibouti is situated at the southern entrance to the Red Sea, forming a cross-road of major international maritime routes. With a surface area of approximately 23,000 Km², Djibouti borders Somalia to the South-East, Ethiopia to the West and South-West, and Eritrea to the North-West. The country is poorly endowed with natural resources although a few important minerals such as salt, limestone and gypsum can be found.

The Red Crescent Society of Djibouti (RCSD) has been providing humanitarian services to populations in Djibouti for approximately 30 years. Initially, the National Society aimed at responding to emergencies but has expanded its scope of activity over time to address various emerging challenges continuing to affect the most vulnerable populations, and in view of the complexities, the RCSD expects to remain relevant for the years to come.

In order to sustain its role in effective response to the needs of the most vulnerable populations of Djibouti, the RCSD has undertaken a strategic planning process to guide its long-term vision. This process consists of keeping abreast with trends and issues linked to the humanitarian assistance in the field. During this process, the RCSD team has adopted a mission, vision and strategic objectives that are measurable and attainable. The health and care programme will focus on water, sanitation and public hygiene and will aim at having improving access to water, sanitation and hygiene for the vulnerable communities.

The Organizational Development (OD) will focus on attaining the following outcomes: strong, reliable and visible National Society (NS) across the national territory; improved competency in governance and management for better functioning of operations; functional PMER system/unit and; having sufficient financial resources to manage its programmes.

The National Society’s approach in addressing humanitarian challenges is based on the benchmarks of the Humanitarian Values decree within the Fundamental Principles, respect and dignity, integrity and transparency. The NS targets about 60 percent of Balbala community who lack access to clean water; administrative and customary authorities from targeted communities; the communities at field operational levels; National Society staff and volunteers; members of the central committee of the RCSD, and various partners including Government ministries and NGOs.

The Red Cross Society of Eritrea (RCSE) programmes are designed in line with the Federation’s Global Agenda goals to enable the RCSE to achieve its recognition by its Government. As a result, the National Society would acquire a strong leadership that could lead to a well functioning National Society.

The RCSE plan for the year 2010-2011 is to strengthen disaster preparedness, response and recovery capacities, and in turn, strengthen community resilience. The RCSE programmes will emphasize on promoting longer-term and sustainable development activities that will involve community participation to upgrade the capacity building among women, volunteers and the community at large.

The plan will focus on disaster management programme to contribute to the scaling up of response to increased vulnerability to risks/disasters and food insecurity; and to the response to common disasters of drought, flooding, road accidents and fire accidents by strengthening the National Society’s disaster preparedness, response and recovery capacities. The programme aims at achieving improved ability of community members in Eritrea to predict and plan for disasters, to mitigate their impact on vulnerable communities, or effectively cope with their consequences. Community members will have improved ability to reduce loss of life and disabilities caused by disasters and improved capacity of RCSE core staff and volunteers to respond effectively during disaster; strengthened RCSE logistical capacity of RCSE; improved food production, accessibility and food utilization at household and; increased awareness on climate change as well as increased community resilience to the impacts of climate change.

The Community Based Health Development Programme (CBHDP) is the backbone of the RCSE health and care programme. The programme attempts to build the local capacities to deal with most common health risks and support basic and introductory training on Community-Based First Aid (CBFA). Additionally, training on prevention and control of prevailing infectious and endemic diseases with a focus on: malaria, water borne and water related diseases; training of Red Cross Action Team (RCAT) to respond to the needs of those affected by disaster; community-based action to reduce the risk of HIV and AIDS transmission (peer education, improved care and support for people infected and affected by the disease); community-based action to increase access to safe water and sanitation via water drilling, well and latrine construction, and community education.

The Organizational Development programme will focus on ensuring that RCSE is a well functioning organization with sustainable systems, procedures and staff with desired level of managerial and technical competencies; strengthening new partnerships and forming new ones. To ensure a coordinated and realistic implementation, the programmes will also address the concepts of sustainability, programme resources and expenses, monitoring and evaluation, implementation and management arrangements as well as risk identification. Furthermore, all programmes will promote gender equity and diversity as a cross cutting element, Red Cross/Red Crescent collaboration, partnership and civil society management, accountability and quality assurance, in addition to capacity building and knowledge sharing. Current Movement partners of RCSE include the Federation, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Danish, Finish, Netherlands, Swedish and Spanish Red Cross Societies.

The total 2010-2011 budget is CHF 2,322,442 (USD 2,188,902 or EUR 1,530,489)

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