JICA started implementing the Rural Resilience Enhancement Project (RREP) in Ethiopia in April, 2012. The Goal of this project is to enhance rural resilience against climate change impacts such as drought in Oromia and Somali Regions. To achieve this goal, JICA's project team RREP has introduced JICA's first Weather Index Insurance in 15 kebeles in Oromia Region. Unlike traditional crop insurance products, farmers will be able to get payout simply if the rainfall amount is below a certain level. Remarkably, nearly 1,300 farmers were registered in the 2013 season. This result is indeed equal around 10% of the total households in the Project area. The JICA RREP Team plans to scale up the Pilot Project to reduce drought risk, as well as to promote more productive farming and improved livelihoods in Ethiopia.